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Tuning QUIC Server

Guide: Linux Server Tuning for QUIC and YoMo

Add these to /etc/sysctl.conf:

# Default & Maximum Socket Receive Buffer
net.core.rmem_default = 25165824
net.core.rmem_max = 33554432
# Default & Maximum Socket Send Buffer
net.core.wmem_default = 25165824
net.core.wmem_max = 33554432
# Increase the maximum total buffer-space allocatable
# This is measured in units of pages (4096 bytes)
net.ipv4.udp_mem = 65536 131072 262144
# Increase the read-buffer space allocatable
net.ipv4.udp_rmem_min = 16384
# Increase the write-buffer-space allocatable
net.ipv4.udp_wmem_min = 16384
# others
net.core.optmem_max = 20480
fs.file-max = 51200

then, execute:

sudo sysctl -p


UDP buffers are controlled by 7 sysctl parameters. Individual buffer sizes are controlled by:

  • net.core.wmem_default, net.core.wmem_max – default and max socket send buffer size in bytes. Each socket gets wmem_default send buffer size by default, and can request up to wmem_max with setsockopt (opens in a new tab) option SO_SNDBUF.
  • net.core.rmem_default, net.core.rmem_max – default and max socket receive buffer size in bytes. Each socket gets rmem_default reveive buffer size by default, and can request up to rmem_max with setsockopt (opens in a new tab) option SO_RCVBUF.

Global system parameters are:

  • net.ipv4.udp_mem = "min pressure max" – these are numbers of PAGES (4KB) available for all UDP sockets in the system. min, pressure and max controls how memory is managed, but main point is that max is maximum size in PAGES for all UDP bufers in system. These values are set on boot time (if sysctls are not explicitly set) according to available RAM size.
  • net.ipv4.udp_rmem_min, net.ipv4.udp_wmem – minimal size for receive/send buffers (in bytes), guaranteed for each socket, even if buffer size of all UDP sockets exceeds pressure parameter in net.ipv4.udp_mem

Observing UDP statistics

$ watch -n1 "cat /proc/net/snmp | grep -w Udp|column -t"

Will see:

Every 1.0s: cat /proc/net/snmp | grep -w Udp|column -t
Udp:  InDatagrams  NoPorts  InErrors  OutDatagrams  RcvbufErrors  SndbufErrors  InCsumErrors  IgnoredMulti  MemErrors
Udp:  11136538     2551     2         11192042      0             0             2             0             0